By Hans Beck
This complete quantity information the diversity of constitutions and kinds of governing our bodies within the historic Greek world.
- A choice of unique scholarship on historic Greek governing buildings and institutions
- Explores the a number of manifestations of nation motion in the course of the Greek world
- Discusses the evolution of presidency from the Archaic Age to the Hellenistic interval, historic typologies of presidency, its quite a few branches, rules and strategies and nation-states of governance
- Creates a special synthesis at the spatial and memorial connotations of presidency by means of combining the newest institutional study with more moderen tendencies in cultural scholarship
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Extra resources for A Companion to Ancient Greek Government
In Athens, the citizens made up only a minority of adults. Yet, for those citizens, and even for some non-citizens, the polis swept all competition aside when it came to ideological hegemony. The state loomed large in the ancient Greek mind because it had few competitors. The temple, so important an institution in the ancient Near East, played relatively little role in Greece. The main challenger to the state was the family (or, more accurately, the household) and it could not compete. Not only did the Greeks lack an ancestor cult; they didn’t even have family names1 Whereas love and fear of God was the central organizing principle of Israel, love and loyalty to the polis and its institutions was fundamental to the Greeks.
555), the Phaiakian king Alkinoos asks Odysseus to name his gaia (‘‘land’’ or ‘‘region’’), his d¯emos (probably ‘‘territory’’ to judge from the term’s usage in the Mycenaean Linear B tablets), and his polis, thus zooming in with increasing speciﬁcity on his guest’s origins. Similarly, when Tyrtaios (fr. 10W) imagines a warrior who surrenders as having to ‘‘abandon his polis and rich ﬁelds,’’ the term is clearly meant in a physical rather than sociopolitical sense. It is not by accident that when self-conscious political communities did emerge, they identiﬁed themselves as residents of the urban center, whether or not they actually lived there: so, Argeioi (Argives) is an adjectival form derived from the toponym Argos; Korinthioi (Korinthians) from Korinthos; Mil¯esioi (Milesians) from Mil¯etos; and so on.
Certainly, this is a time when there are indications of settlement nucleation, when the ﬁrst overseas communities were established in South Italy and Sicily, and when a number of sanctuaries witness a marked increase in – if not the earliest attestation of – votive dedications. It is also the eighth century that sees the adoption of the Phoenician alphabet and the re-emergence of artistic skills and technologies that had been lost when the Mycenaean palaces had collapsed around 1200 BCE, prompting some to describe the period as a ‘‘renaissance’’ (H¨agg 1983).