By Audrey Thomas McCluskey
Emerging from the darkness of the slave period and Reconstruction, black activist ladies Lucy Craft Laney, Mary McLeod Bethune, Charlotte Hawkins Brown, and Nannie Helen Burroughs based faculties geared toward freeing African-American early life from deprived futures within the segregated and decidedly unequal South. From the past due 19th via mid-twentieth centuries, those members fought discrimination as individuals of a bigger circulation of black girls who uplifted destiny generations via a spotlight on schooling, social provider, and cultural transformation. Born loose, yet with the shadow of the slave previous nonetheless implanted of their realization, Laney, Bethune, Brown, and Burroughs equipped off each one other’s successes and discovered from every one other’s struggles as directors, academics, and suffragists. Drawing from the women’s personal letters and writings approximately academic equipment and from remembrances of surviving scholars, Audrey Thomas McCluskey unearths the pivotal importance of this sisterhood’s legacy for later generations and for the establishment of schooling itself.
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Extra resources for A Forgotten Sisterhood: Pioneering Black Women Educators and Activists in the Jim Crow South
Id=h-769 (16 July 2009). 28. Edward J. : Richmond County Board of Education, 1985), 9. 29. “Miss Laney’s Address,” 1903. 30. Anne Kendall, “Lucy Craft Laney” (research paper), Lucy Laney File (Atlanta University Center Library, 1972): 1–10. 31. Laney suffered from several ailments, including nephritis, a serious kidney condition, that were all made worse by her constant travelling to raise funds for Haines, as well as her teaching and administrative duties. 32. Haines Institute, “Golden Jubilee,” program booklet, 1934, Lucy Craft Laney vertical file, Reese Library, Augusta College and Richmond County Historical Society.
Augusta Chronicle, 5 November 1933. 6. Augusta Chronicle, 5 November 1933. 7. , Drew University, 1998), 122. 8. A. C. Griggs, “Notes: Lucy Craft Laney,” Journal of Negro History, vol. 1, no. 19 (June 1934), 97–102. 9. , 25 April 2003. 10. us (August 5, 2010). 11. Margaret Louise Laney interviewed by Jean Blount, “Miss Lucy Laney and Early 20th Century Education,” Oral Memoirs of Augusta’s Citizens, vol. 3. Augusta Regional Library (6 February 1975), 6. 12. This is the date cited in early documents, including the Presbyterian Historical Society archive and on her tombstone in Augusta, although the year 1855 is listed in other sources.
We can have no success in this unless we can make the school surroundings pleasant, or at least decent. 20 The campus continued to expand, and new structures were built during Haines’s first decades. For a school with itinerant beginnings, the support of the Presbyterian Board of Missions for Freedmen opened up other revenue streams and was a major step in securing funds from likeminded donors.