By Mark L O van de Velde

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8. 9. 1). Moreover, the other consonants are often subject to lenition if not in the onset of a prominent syllable. Note, however, that lenition is optional. The measurements for /l/ and /b/ in the right hand column of Table 5 are from non-lenited occurrences. There are different ways to measure the length of a consonant. Only the relative length differences are relevant here, all tokens of the same consonant have been measured in the same way. Namely Pie-Claude Ondobo. Note that the measurements presented in table 5 are based on another speaker, Désiré Essono.

J/ /Ěà/ ‘sing’ (v) /àjá/ ‘pain’ /d/ vs. /g‫ۅ‬b/ /dá/ ‘to lose’ (v) /g‫ۅ‬bà/ ‘to throw’ (v) /g‫ۅ‬b/ vs. /g/2 /͡m‫ڮ‬g‫ۅ‬bŲ‫ڟ‬l/ ‘witchcraft’ /͡‫ڮ‬gŲ‫ڟ‬d/ ‘cruelty’ /d/ vs. /g/ /á bíࣨdí/ ‘in the food’ /á ࣨlígí/ ‘to stay’ /g‫ۅ‬b/ vs. /͡‫ۅ‬m/ /g‫ۅ‬bà/ ‘lance’ (v) /͡‫ۅ‬mám/ ‘be acid’ (v) /d/ vs. /z/ /dì͡/ ‘love’ (v) /zí͡bá/ ‘hate’ (v) /g‫ۅ‬b/ vs. /w/ /g‫ۅ‬bà/ ‘lance’ (v) /wàz/ ‘comb’ (v) /d/ vs. /n/ /dà͡/ ‘cross’ (v) /ná͡/ ‘grow’ (v) /g/ vs. /͡/ /dígá/ ‘prick’ (v) /mìmpì͡á/ ‘cover’ /d/ vs. /l/ /dà͡/ ‘cross’ (v) /lá͡/ ‘read’ (v) /s/ vs.

Readers who are unfamiliar with tone might want to read Section 7 first. For others, it suffices to know that the complex tone patterns of Eton are described by means of three structural tones: low, high and dissimilating high. These can be structurally linked to a weight unit or not. In the latter case, we will speak of floating tones. No claims are made here 20. 2. There is a problem with levels of conditioning here (a representation rule conditioned by the result of a realisation rule). Most probably this should not be treated as a rule but as an interdialectal generalisation.

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