By L. Magnani

This publication ties jointly the worries of philosophers of technology and AI researchers, displaying for instance the connections among clinical pondering and health worker platforms. It lays out an invaluable common framework for dialogue of quite a few forms of abduction. It develops very important rules approximately facets of abductive reasoning which have been particularly ignored in cognitive technology, together with using visible and temporal representations and the position of abduction within the withdrawal of hypotheses.

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The fact that explanations usually are not complete but only furnish partial accounts of the pertinent evidence (Thagard and Shelley, 1997); 7. ] unknown at the time of the abduction, and even more so must the auxiliary data which help to explain them be unknown. Hence these future, so far unknown explananda, cannot be among the premises of an abductive inference" (Hintikka, 1998, p. 507), observations become real and explainable only by means of new hypotheses and theories, once discovered by abduction.

18 A1iseda (1997, 2000) makes use of the belief revision framework to construct a theory of the epistemic transition between the states of doubt and belief able to account for many aspects of abductive reasoning. On the relationships between belief revision dynamics in data bases and abduction cf. Aravindan and Dung, 1995. Theoretical Abduction 33 After having explained the distinction between predictive explanations and "might" explanations, that merely allow an observation, and do not predict it, Boutilier and Becher show in the cited article how model-based diagnoses can be accounted for in terms of their new formal model of belief revision.

Additional considerations concerning this kind of model-based abduction are given in chapter 5, where I also deal with temporal reasoning. Theoretical Abduction 43 verbal abduction, occurs when hypotheses are instantly derived from a stored series of previous similar experiences. It covers a mental procedure that tapers into a non-inferential one, and falls into the category called "perception". Philosophically29, perception is viewed by Peirce as a fast and uncontrolled knowledge-production procedure.

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