By Seyed Naser Razavi, Nicolas Gaud, Abderrafiâa Koukam, Naser Mozayani (auth.), Ying Tan, Yuhui Shi, Zhen Ji (eds.)

This e-book and its better half quantity, LNCS vols. 7331 and 7332, represent the complaints of the 3rd overseas convention on Swarm Intelligence, ICSI 2012, held in Shenzhen, China in June 2012. The a hundred forty five complete papers awarded have been rigorously reviewed and chosen from 247 submissions. The papers are geared up in 27 cohesive sections overlaying all significant themes of swarm intelligence examine and developments.

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Additional info for Advances in Swarm Intelligence: Third International Conference, ICSI 2012, Shenzhen, China, June 17-20, 2012 Proceedings, Part II

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On the other hand, solving the L1/2 penalty is much simpler than solving the L0 penalty. All these properties support the usefulness of the L1/2 penalty and the L1/2 penalty can be potentially more powerful than the L0 and L1 penalties in real applications. Furthermore, the L1/2 regularization ensured unbiasedness, sparsity and oracle properties in theoretical properties. The L1/2 regularization method can be efficiently solved by iteratively reweighting the existing Lasso algorithm. In this paper, we modify the Shooting algorithm [9] with weights based on the last value of coefficients at each iterative step.

In other words, the service calling layer decouple between foreground logic and background logic. According to each YourService in this layer, a YourServiceCaller class is designed. Both the construction of the service object and the access of operating the service object are encapsulating, which enable client-side to call the service by YourServiceCaller class. In doing so, it is implemented to centralized control of background service access in order to maintain the code. 2 Service Layer The class diagram of the GWT RPC service extended framework about e-Learning system is shown in Fig.

The frequency and extent of pauses is an important in the evaluation of the reading quality. We divided pauses into the silence pauses and filled pauses. The silence pause refers to the speaker pronounce nothing for some seconds. The filled pause refers to the speakers pronounce unsure sounds like ”eh”, ”ah” etc. We detected filled pauses in the phonetics perspective. The formant curve of filled pause was approximate flat [5]. 2 shows two formant curves drawn with Praat [6]. In those two speeches, the same sentences were read but the pronunciation qualities were different.

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