By Ludwig Edelstein

A vintage learn of medication in antiquity, old drugs brings jointly a lot of Ludwig Edelstein's most vital paintings on a subject matter that occupied him all through a uncommon occupation. incorporated is his well known translation of and statement at the Hippocratic Oath, in addition to his different writings at the oath which display how strange it really is of Greek clinical idea. The booklet additionally explores the effect of empiricism and skepticism on Greek and Roman medication, the perform of anatomy and dietetics in antiquity, and the relation of historic medication to historical philosophy.

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Below , n 1 1 0. 67 Cf. ÀEL rijv À•TÓ"1Ta. v ilµa. L T à. Ta.. rov . . Tà. wv TÀij8os (p. 475 , 1 8- 1 9 [Diels- Kranz]) . A similar view is a scribed to Pythagoras himself by Apollonius, cf. l a mblichus, De Vila Pythagorica, 2 1 8 ; cf. a lso Rohde, op. cit. , p. 1 64. 1 owe this reference to Schu macher, op. , p. 5 6. 66 Cf. 5 8 e 3, p. µolll! v (from Aristotle) . This concept ca n be elaborated by comparing the definition of hea lth as harmony, the proper attu nement of the body, ibid . , p.

Moreover he has stressed the great difference in meaning that the two transla tions involve (op. cit . , pp. 46-47 ; cf. also ibid. , p. l i , n. 1 , and H ippocrates, 1 , PP· 293 ff . [Loeb ]) ; cf. also N ittis, op. cit . , p. 720, who goes so far as to say that th� usu al transla tion of the words is gra m matically incorrect. 1 a m not sure t hat in this respect he is righ t, but 1 do prefer the other rendering. Deichgraber, op. cit. , n. 1 1 , says of the crucial words : "ovó< verstarkt d ie Negation w ie Z.

3 1 , and Kõrner, op, cit. , p. 1 1 . The latter qu ite rightly points out that in Littré's interpretation the words are a mere duplication of what is said later on, cf. below, p . 33. H Cf. g. , Ps. Hippocrates , Epidemiae, 1, 1 1 , quoted above, n. 23 , where the aim of medicine is defined as "to help or not to harm . " 61 For the Pythagoreans, cf. p. 4 7 4, 36 ff. [ Diels-Kranz] (Aristoxenus) . a11. 11) of mankind, and to have philosophized and acted to this end (h' t:x/>oXoL�) . cf. l a mblichus, De Vita Pythagorica, 30 ; 1 62 ; 222.

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